ALL ABOUT DIABETES
Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is classed as a metabolism disorder. Metabolism refers to the way our bodies use digested food for energy and growth. Most of what we eat is broken down into glucose. Glucose is a form of sugar in the blood - it is the principal source of fuel for our bodies.
Diabetes comes from Greek, and it means a siphon. Aretus the Cappadocian, a Greek physician during the second century A.D., named the condition diabainein. He described patients who were passing too much water (polyuria) - like a siphon. The word became "diabetes" from the English adoption of the Medieval Latin diabetes.
SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES
Frequent urination Increased fatigue
Disproportionate thirst Irritability
Intense hunger Blurred vision
Weight gain Cuts and bruises don't heal properly or quickly
Unusual weight loss more skin and/or yeast infections
Itchy skin Gums are red and/or swollen
Frequent gum disease Sexual dysfunction among men
Numbness or tingling, especially in your feet and hands
Diabetes can often be detected by carrying out a urine test, which finds out whether excess glucose is present. This is normally backed up by a blood test, which measures blood glucose levels and can confirm if the cause of your symptoms is diabetes.
THREE MAIN TYPES OF DIABETES
Diabetes Type 1 - You produce no insulin at all.
Diabetes Type 2 - You don't produce enough insulin, or your insulin is not working properly.
Gestational Diabetes - You develop diabetes just during your pregnancy.